I have not lost the thread of the story about Mary Stuart the queen of Scots as she was a major contributor in the preservation of the Catholic Faith during the period of the Reformation and her example which, has been grossly misrepresented by Protestant historians and observers due to her devout faith and devotion to the Roman Catholic church.

Scotland’s Secret Shame; Part 1 By Frank J Dougan
210 pages @ 14 point script single line spacing 105,290 words 630,326 characters
https://independent.academia.edu/FrankDougan/Papers
https://maryqueenofscots1587.wordpress.com
Alpha.

6th of April, 1320.
‘ For as long as but one hundred of us remain alive, we will never on any conditions submit to the domination of the English. It is not for glory nor riches, nor honours that we fight, but for freedom alone, which no good man gives up except with his life.’
Signed by the council of Earls, Barons and Freeholders at Newbattle Abbey near Edinburgh. Part of The Declaration of Arbroath, written shortly after Robert De Brus had defeated English invaders at Bannockburn, following in the footsteps of Scotland’s greatest warrior hero and defender of freedom William Wallace!
Oh Wallace William out of the west came to claim
justice, freedom and a nation for God his Lord’s holy name,
no cry or deed or want for himself of glory or fame.
At Stirling Bridge the might of Proud Edward’s army fell,
the cream of England died, lived not a man to tell.
Victory for bold Wallace and his fighters,
river awash with invaders blood did swell.
The great General whom Napoleon followed his thought train,
half of one thousand years again.
A mountain of a man legendary robed in emerald green,
from the depth of the forests the Caledonian,
to free his beloved land from tyranny, wipe out oppression,
degradation, exploitation The Wallace cried ‘Rebellion’.
From the mouth of the giant came!
‘ Dico tibi verum libertas optima rerum
nunquam servili sub nexu vivito fili’.
( Freedom is best I tell thee true, of all things to be won,
then never live within the bond of slavery my son!)
Reading, writing ‘n speaking in tongues French, Gaelic, Latin,
this awesome intellectual warrior of history and science
The Celts to him they came with the crown of guardian.
Evil Edward now long forgotten of him no man will ken,
forever the indestructible name of the Wallace William
is revered in every glen.
Some day not far the nation of Scotland will sprout,
the cry goes out with thoughts of a Wallace shout swords will be drawn battle lines take their form, every man stout, Alba, Caledonia, Scotland, the warrior hero William Wallace devout.
By Francesco Josepa Dougan
Pravda
The truth about the lies and propaganda of the Scottish Reformation, and the death of the Protestant faith, as we enter the twenty first century.
Perhaps this period in history was one of the most violent times ever even for such a nation that was evolved from a warrior like people. The mid sixteenth century in the tumultuous reformation period had enveloped Scotland into a sea of blood and hatred such as had never been witnessed before or since.
Looking back through the misty window of time, the finger of guilt must be pointed at the ruling classes of the English who have conquered and pillaged across the face of the world, only to have been ejected eventually without contributing much to improve the standards of the natives of their conquests.
Although Scotland had a very small population in comparison to England the Scots held up admirably for over six hundred years against the English aggressors. One department that the Scots could not match the English at was cunning and deceit in this department the English were the masters even to this very day the rulers of the English know all the tricks.
The division of the Scots as a nation was the final solution, and that was introduced and succeeded during the period of the reformation, by the distorted and venereal diseased mind of Henry VIII the king of England. The term feudalism was a form of slavery and kept everyone under the power of their masters with fear of losing their home or life.
What this means is that the Bourgeoisie who were the land owners controlled the lives of the Proletariat, to the extent that the poor had no rights what so ever and could be expelled from their home and land on the whim of their masters and even murdered.
The feudal system was imposed all over Europe and with the introduction of the printing press in Germany around 1490; the peasant population then had access to learning to read, as prior to this period only the clergy and Bourgeoisie were allowed the joy of education openly.
The opening of this magical world of knowledge created an explosion of writers and thinkers to present new ideas to the world with revolutionary views and ideologies.
The Reformation, was part of the new ideology of the early sixteenth century mainly from the hand of Catholic clerics such as Martin Luther in Germany, and Calvin in Geneva?
Luther wanted much needed reforms to the Catholic system, as the church had been infiltrated by the greed of the Bourgeoisie who had placed many of their family members into positions of power, such as Bishops Under the halo of the church, not for ecumenical purposes, rather more for the need to control the spiritual as well as the physical being of the Proletariat.
Changes were inevitable and the ruling classes the Bourgeoisie, sensed the doom of the slave like feudal system. The king of England Henry VIII seized the initiative and strangled the church in England, grabbed all the properties owned by the Catholic church, and created a church to suit his own demented ideology knowing how important a role that the church held for the serf classes, the Proletariat.
Henry could then control every aspect of life from the cradle to the grave. The greatest sting in European history was conceived over a protest for reform, not of the workings of the true faith rather more of the corruption caused by the infiltration of the Bourgeoisie, alas the protest only led to the formation of a so called faith based on hate your neighbour. Protestantism was born, and has been a plague on the world over the past four hundred years, born out of lust and greed rather than necessity
The death of Protestantism is imminent!
The horrific wars of the twentieth century and Holocaust were all the blame of the evil powerbrokers of the powerful Protestant countries, and since the advent of this state sponsored and controlled way of thinking, more death and destruction has been reigned upon mankind than any other period known.
Thankfully, as we enter the first years of the twenty first century and view the decay in Protestantism with churches now derelict or being turned into bars or discotheques due to lack of interest, and mostly to the fact that the Proletariat have access to education, and realize that Catholicism is not the enemy that the Protestant doctrines professed it to be.
One of the last bastions of the Protestant faith Northern Ireland is at this moment under a Roman Catholic secretary of state appointed from London by a pro- Catholic government.
The queen of England, Elizabeth II, recently visited the Pope, John Paul II at the Vatican in Rome to pay him homage, coincidence perhaps that Elizabeth I of England the illegitimate daughter of Henry VIII was the scourge of the Catholic faith like her father.
I am sure that there are many misguided Christian Protestants desperate to find the truth, but with such a splintered organization as it has always been and is still the same today the Protestant faith is like a chicken without a head, though with many demented bodies.
Unlike the Roman Catholic Church, led from Rome with one head leading one body, which is constantly growing stronger with many new Cardinals recently appointed in the first month of the twenty first century.
Pope John Paul II and Pope Benedict XVI and Pope Francis enjoy the respect of world leaders and has audiences of over one million people in almost every country they visits no other person in the world could command this sort of attention, especially to be preached at not to do the things that the Protestant churches allow such as divorce birth control, abortion, wars, discrimination, religious intolerance, especially in Scotland and Northern Ireland, where Orange men and women and their unfortunate children, openly display their hate for Catholics with marches led by bands playing hate filled sectarian music and songs.
In the eyes of the civilized world where most Christians enjoy a harmonious relationship Scotland and Northern Ireland are like Lepers.
I personally have never heard a Roman Catholic priest spread words of hate against Protestants, and I have lived and attended services in churches all around the world also in Protestant churches, which seem to have a dreadful fear of Catholicism why I do not know, perhaps they are afraid to live by the rules that the Catholic church demands.
Pope John Paul II helped to bring about the down fall of communism, and set millions of people free to determine their own fate, at the later end of the twentieth century, due to his personal intervention with the then Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachov, who had all his military machine poised on the Polish border threatening to invade Poland, the Pope sent him a hand delivered letter telling Gorbachov that he would lay down the crown of Saint Peter and return to his Polish home land and stop the Soviets invading Poland.
The mighty Soviet machine withdrew thus was prevented the war that would have wiped out the entire world, as the Western Allies had ranged nuclear weapons on the German border of Poland to combat the Soviet threat as they also had nuclear power at hand.
One may argue that it was the power of the Western Allies that caused the Soviets to withdraw their massive military machine, but the Soviets knew all about the western power’s strength before they had amassed on the Polish frontier so it was obvious that they were confident that they could defeat the West in a war, until the intervention of the Pope, and the church that had stood against every empire and has survived for two thousand years with God on its side.
I Lived in West Germany on the Front Line during this period 1983-1989.
I have not lost the thread of the story about Mary Stuart the queen of Scots as she was a major contributor in the preservation of the Catholic Faith during the period of the reformation and her example which, has been grossly misrepresented by Protestant historians and observers due to her devout faith and devotion to the Roman Catholic church.
In reality her half brother and most of the Scottish nobles who were supposed to be her advisers betrayed Mary queen of Scots. This betrayal syndrome was not a new phenomenon amongst the Scottish Bourgeoisie, as the contamination had set in shortly after the Norman invasion of England, who poisoned the ethnic English then slowly spread their grasping tentacles north into Scotland.
William Wallace, the greatest Scots revolutionary paid with his life due to the deliberate betrayal by the Norman’s who had infiltrated the nobility in Scotland, and it should have been clear to Mary Stuart before she left the security of the French royal court that to return to Scotland was not unlike a lamb straying into a lion’s den.
John Knox the Protestant Dictator preacher who had been in the pay of Scotland’s greatest enemy Henry VIII the king of England, and was an accomplice of known Scottish traitors.
Knox became a very rich man as I have discovered recently through his grasping greed and hate he carried a message to hapless ignorant people of his deranged mentality.
Throughout the last millennium many demented monsters such as Knox have brainwashed the Proletariat with a cocktail of hate filled propaganda, or force.
Monsters like Edward I of England, Henry VIII of England, Elizabeth I of England, Oliver Cromwell of England, Josef Stalin of the Soviet Union, Adolph Hitler the Austrian dictator of Germany.
These are just a few though on a world-wide stage have been responsible for the deaths of countless millions, and without a doubt have prayed on the Proletariat when they have been vulnerable.
I am convinced that the above mentioned disrupted and destroyed the good and the decency that existed during the periods that they contaminated the world.
Thankfully they are yesterday’s news though there are some nut cases still in existence today that still require neutering, especially if they are allowed to poison the air with distorted rhetoric.
This story that I am writing is by no means an accurate documented history of Scotland or of the Protestant misconception of Christianity as I am by no manner of means a historian, or academic, rather more an uneducated observer, surrounded by deceit and the final period of the drowning anti-Catholic postures.
My most important criticism about the Scottish Protestants, is the fanatical dislike that they have about fellow Scots who happen to be Roman Catholic, the same situation applies in Northern Ireland more so there as in Scotland, though it must be pointed out that the majority of Protestants there are descended from Scots who stole the land from the Irish, with the aid of the English government today we call this system ethnic cleansing!
Back in the 1960s major riots broke out mainly because Protestants beat Catholics to death on the streets of Northern Ireland, burnt their homes and churches and schools, in exactly the same manner as the Nazis perpetrated against the Jews in Germany, during the 1930s especially on what became known as Krystal Nacht, ”The night of broken glass”.
And one must not forget the Ku Klux Klan the Protestant racist and sectarian sect that thrives on hate and evil on a par with The Orange Order.
The police in Northern Ireland like Scotland, was and still is mostly formed from Protestants and the Masonic secret society, and has for many years displayed and practiced discrimination against Catholics, though now I must say that Catholics are more educated and can combat the threat, in more ways than one therefore the Fascists who thrive within the security organizations, have softer less able to fight back peoples, the beautiful folk who happen to be a shade more darker in colour that so called white people.
On the streets of Edinburgh the capital of Scotland stands a statue in honour of one of the dastardliest bounder’s in Scottish history…John Knox.
A proven traitor, liar and cheat and money grabber and sexual deviant, he bled the poor serfs and raked in a fortune for his own selfish needs and brainwashed the hapless peasants, to rob and destroy Catholic churches and monasteries throughout Perthshire and eventually all over Scotland not unlike Hitler’s henchmen did to the Jewish people in Europe, and the K. K. K. has done against black people in USA
Unlike Hitler and this to me beggars belief Knox is glorified in Scotland, and indeed to Presbyterians scattered around the globe as a hero, and great reformism leader.
Hitler once quoted, ‘ The bigger the lie more people believe it’.
He must have studied the methods of Knox, probably as did Stalin, Chairman Mao and Pol Pot who all exploited the minds and weaknesses of the Proletariat.
What remains mind boggling is the fact that the Protestant Proletariat, are no further forward than their Catholic counterparts, nothing has changed for the better other than that people have the opportunity to visit foreign shores, such as Europe and view Catholics living in harmony with people of other persuasions, and suss out for themselves that all is not so full of doom and gloom as they have been led to believe.
Countless books have been written by so called experts on the life of Mary Queen of Scots, and her struggle against John Knox to whom she paid lots of money.
He was more than happy to take her money in reality to him it should have been tainted as we are led to believe from his opinions of his queen.
So much for the so-called high principals of the ex galley slave and serial collaborator with his country’s enemy England.
Was this a man you could have trusted I think not…?
I have noted from the work of a prominent Scottish historian himself a Protestant, that Knox was hen pecked yet he was constantly surrounded by demented female followers, obviously not of sound mind. In recent years one has seen what fundamentalism has created in the middle east under the rule of the Ayatollahs, who could have taken a leaf out of the works of Knox, and one could envisage the despot rule that the Scots were subjected to because of the misuse of religious xenophobia.
I am not versed on the understanding of Islam so therefore I am unable to comment on the path of the Ayatollah’s who now rule Iran with an iron fist now Islamic forces have infiltrated the Western Governments to sleeketly take over Christian nations and Israel as almost every Islamic nation has been destroyed by God for the destruction of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem c1006ad.
But I take issue with anyone who demands that the Proletariat is forced to accept the word of God under duress such as Knox and others since him have enforced upon the masses.
God, is a matter of conscience for the individual, and the only true freedom that one has the joy to embrace and find personal happiness.
And for me personally this right is the foundation of what every religion based on the love and trust of God and should be built upon.
Devil worship was rife in Berwick and was a stronghold during and after the Reformation, this was the territory where John Knox had his first post.
Throughout the years since the reformation so called historians have kidded the proletariat with a lot of bull over the glory of the Protestant victory or struggle, as they like to call it.
The truth has been covered up of the fact that in Scotland, that the reformation was a coup d’ teat, engineered by a group of ruthless cunning conniving, power hungry devil worshipers who when they had the chance they took it went totally mad.
Most books that I have read on the history of Scotland, have in fact in my opinion been platforms to glorify the wonders of the now dying Protestant faith.
How could have so many been kidded by so few for so long.
We’ve seen Communism and Fascism and Islam crumbling come and go to a certain extent in recent times yet this abomnamation under the banner of a religious movement.
Protestantism has clawed its way through four hundred years in the name of religion.
It must be said that the Roman Catholic Church during the sixteenth century required a shake up due to infiltration by heretics and this was taking place then, but for Knox and others of his train of thought and motives it was not quick enough, whereby allowing foxes a free run at the chicken coup, while the Catholic Church was caught in a moment of hesitation.
The sheer size of the Roman Catholic Church pre- reformation was susceptible to abuse, as was and is the same situation for every major world-wide organization and the same applies today.
No doubt this will continue in every walk of life but as a Church the Catholics have performed the only true reformation within its corridors of power, and grown into a major unit of strength though on saying this, it always must ensure to keep the garden tidy and rake out the weeds that are inevitable.
Scotland is actually in a sorry state having to rely on the crumbs that fall from the masters at Whitehall in London. This has been the state of affairs since the country was foolishly handed over to be ruled from London by the leaders of the Protestant reformation what else can one call it other than a sellout, because it has not helped the Scots to progress in Scotland, though they do if they immigrate.
Scots progress in other lands where they are free from the stupidity created and sustained in Scotland by the dark forces of Presbyterianism, that is a constant thorn in the flesh of modernisation and self determination.

The nest of thieves and robbers of the British Library, London, England and charging and robbing the proliteriat to view the Holy Bible "The Codex Amiatinus and The Lindisfarne Gospels"!

The nest of thieves and robbers of the British Library, London, England robbing the proliteriat to view the Holy Bible “The Codex Amiatinus and The Lindisfrane Gospels”!
Codex Amiatinus, the earliest complete Latin Bible, has returned to the British Library for the first time in over 1,300 years ago for display in the exhibition. This giant illuminated Bible was made at Wearmouth-Jarrow in Northumbria in the early 8th century. Abbot Ceolfrith took it with him on his final voyage to Italy, as a gift to the Pope in 716. It is now held in the Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana in Florence which is generously loaning the manuscript. It will be shown with the St Cuthbert Gospel, the earliest intact European book, which was also made at Wearmouth-Jarrow and was acquired by the British Library in 2012.
The two books are very different: while the St Cuthbert Gospel, which contains only the Gospel of John, can be held in one hand, the spine of Codex Amiatinus, containing the whole Bible, is nearly a foot thick. These two books will be exhibited alongside the Lindisfarne Gospels, one of Britain’s greatest artistic treasures, and other illuminated manuscripts of international significance made in the late 7th and 8th centuries.

Name: Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms: Art, Word, War
Location: PACCAR Gallery
The British Library
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London
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When: Fri 19 Oct 2018 – Tue 19 Feb 2019
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Price: Full Price: £16.00
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A voluntary donation can be added over the regular ticket price. You will be helping the Library to conserve and share its collection. If you are a UK tax-payer and ‘Gift Aid’ your donation, the Library can reclaim the tax you have paid.
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Copy of the dedication page of Codex Amiatinus, from the Anonymous Life of Ceolfrith: Harley MS 3020, f. 33r
Codex Amiatinus is now preserved in the Biblioteca Laurenziana in Florence. It will be returning for the British Library’s Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms exhibition (19 October 2018–19 February 2019). You can book your tickets to see this remarkable manuscript here.
The Lindisfarne Gospels are in London in the British Museum Library they were stolen from Durham Cathedral by the thugs of Henry VIII.
I am campaigning for their return to St. Mary’s Cathedral in Newcastle and the repatriation of the holy remains of St. Bede from Durham Cathedral to the Roman Catholic churches named after St. Bede in Jarrow and South Shields where he can be venerated in the Roman Catholic tradition.

The Holy Gospels were on display at Durham Cathedral in 2013 and they were charging people £8.00 to view them.
This meant that people on low income or unemployed could not afford to see them yet over 100,000 people viewed them.
I asked the British Library where did the money go…they told me they did not know.
I have had a reply from His Holiness, Pope Francis relating to my quest, I can send attachments of the letter I sent to His Holiness and the reply The Vatican sent me stating; ‘ The Holy Father will remember your intentions in his prayers. He invokes upon you God’s abundant blessings.’
I have also had letters of reply from The Apostolic Nuncio, His Grace, Archbishop Antonio Mennini stating about The Gospels and St. Bede; ‘ This is a matter for The Church of England to decide on, possibly in consultation with the Catholic Bishops of England and Wales.’
Also a letter of reply from His Eminence, Cardinal Nichols assuring me of his prayers.
Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth answered my letter and told me that she had sent my letter to the Archbishop of Canterbury.
I wrote to him last month but alas no reply.
The Lindisfarne Gospels were created by Roman Catholic scribes and I believe St. Bede had some influence in the translations as he was arguably one of the greatest scribes in the history of the English Roman Catholic Church to which he was solidly dedicated.
I am also calling for the repatriation of the Holy remains of St. Cuthbert to be removed from Durham Cathedral and placed in a fitting Roman Catholic home such as St. Mary’s Cathedral, Newcastle.
St. Cuthbert was the greatest Roman Catholic miracle creating saint in all of England and Scotland and I can assure you his miracles will return when he is home.
His shrine along with the shrine of St. Bede were destroyed when Durham Cathedral was desecrated at the hands of the followers of Henry VIII who created The Church of England to suit his demonic ideology and destruction of the Roman Catholic Faith and the veneration of saints in England and the barbaric destruction of monasteries, churches and all things Catholic along with the slaughter of priests.
In Durham Cathedral stands a statue reputedly that of St. Cuthbert next to his tomb his head was cut off during the Reformation.
In his hand he holds the head of St. Oswald who’s head was buried with him.
What a preposterous sad state of affairs to look upon the headless effigy of St. Cuthbert holding the head of another great Roman Catholic saint.
In The Church of England tradition there are no paintings or icons of St. Bede or St. Cuthbert in Durham Cathedral to remind the faithful of these great English saints and this has got to be rectified now!
Saints alive!
‘I am Cuthbert, I am Bede, I am Oswald
devout in the Roman Catholic Faith indeed.
Our hearts are broken in Durham Cathedral once
a Roman Catholic House of God now a basilica of doom and gloom.
Our spirits once roamed through the lightened cloisters and our
brethren rejoiced in our places of rest
until the Reformation desecrated our Apostolic quest.
No more to us the Holy Roman Mass and Consecration of the Body and Blood
of our beloved brother Jesus Christ.
Release our darkened bones from these cold, dank, dark sarcophagus
in this now foreign Acropolis.
Take us from this place of woe
to where the Catholic faith does glow
and enjoy our presence forever mo’.
By Francis Joseph Dougan.
I contacted The British Library regarding ownership of The Lindisfarne Gospels and the possibility of them being sent on loan to St. Mary’s Cathedral in Newcastle upon Tyne.
I also asked them for information as to what happen with the considerable sums of money that they charged for people to view them when they were on loan to Palace Green Library, Durham during 2013.

The reply is attached and below;

19th February 2015.
Thank you for your correspondence. As you pointed out, the Lindisfarne Gospels were once in the possession of Durham Cathedral Priory, according to Symeon of Durham, who refers to them in his twelfth-century
‘Tract on the Origins and Progress of this the Church of Durham.’
After this period there is very little information on how or when the Lindisfarne Gospels left Durham Cathedral Priory. Lawrence Nowell, an antiquary and lexicographer, is known to have consulted the Lindisfarne Gospels in the 1560s, but he is not believed to have visited Durham.
The name Thomas Turner also appears in the codex, and his annotations have been dated to the early sixteenth century.

The sixteenth-century antiquary Thomas Bowyer (d.1569/70) may also have possessed the manuscript; by 1605, it was in the possession of his son, Robert Bowyer (b. c. 1560, d. 1621), a parliamentary official and politician, who inscribed his signature on the verso page of the second leaf of the manuscript.
In the first few decades of the seventeenth century Sir Robert Bruce Cotton (b. 1571, d. 1631) 1st baronet, antiquary and politician, acquired the manuscript.

It was then passed on to his son, Sir Thomas Cotton (b. 1594, d. 1662), and grandson, Sir John Cotton (b. 1621, d.1702).
The Cotton collection, including the Lindisfarne Gospels, was bequeathed to the nation ‘for Publick Use and Advantage’ by Sir John Cotton at his death in 1702.

When the British Museum was established in 1753, these manuscripts formed one of the foundation collections of the Museum.
The library of the Museum became the British Library in 1973. As you note, the Gospels were recently loaned to Palace Green Library, Durham, for an exhibition, and the accompanying book Richard Gameson, From holy Island to Durham:

The Contexts and Meanings of The Lindisfarne Gospels (2013) contains an excellent analysis of the manuscript’s history.

The Library does not have details of the funding for that exhibition.

Regards Mark Reaveley Customer Services British Library.

Since I raised this issue about the Lindisfarne Gospels being returned to Roman Catholic care takers as they were written by Roman Catholics at Lindisfarne by St Aidfrith and I am in no hesitation that our wonderful St. Bede would have contributed to the translations as he was the greatest translator, scholar alive at that period and lived at St. Paul’s Monastery at Jarrow and he would have been about 26 years old then and Lindisfarne and St. Paul’s would have had a daily communication along with St. Peter’s Abbey in Wearmouth as they were a short boat trip from each other on the same East Coast of England.
I have had letters of reply and support for my quest from His Eminence Cardinal, Vincent Nichols, His Excellency, Papal Nuncio, Archbishop Antonio Mennini and Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth II and recently from Rt. Hon Amber Rudd MP.

As one may note from the reply from the British Library the Gospels of Our Blessed Lord Jesus Christ have been bandied about from pillar to post by God knows who since the Reformation and now being used as a money making venture as over 100,000 people had to pay over £8 per person to view them at Durham this meant that people who were on low pay with a couple of kids or unemployed or pensioners could not afford to view one of the greatest wonders of the world and the source and lifeblood of our civilization.

The Lindisfarne Gospels were written in the North East of England and should be returned there into Roman Catholic safekeeping Now!
Written and researched By Francis Joseph Dougan

I must add that The Ottoman Muslims were embroiled in defeating Roman Catholicism at this point in history~~~as they controlled vast areas of Europe and influenced the Protestant Reformers to destroy the Roman Faith.

Written and researched by Francesco Josepa Dougan
https://independent.academia.edu/FrankDougan/Papers
The birth of Mary Stuart who was crowned Queen of France and should have been Queen of England which would have united three kingdoms.
This would have been a direct threat to Charles the Fifth of Germanic peoples, and as James Bryce narrates; ‘ A prince had just ascended the imperial throne who united dominions vaster than any Europe had seen since the days of his great namesake. Spain and Naples, Flanders, and other parts of the Burgundian lands, as well as large regions of eastern Germany, obeyed Charles; he drew inexhaustible revenues from an empire beyond the Atlantic, he had all the gold and rich treasures from Peru and Mexico.’
The English and French were so busy fighting each other and getting the Scots involved in their continuous wars the lords and nobles from the 3 nations, were so blind that they did not see the advantage of being united under one monarch, therefore the Lutherans and Calvinists created the great diversion of Church property, this took the nobles and lords minds away from the big picture of Europe, and plunged Scotland and England into hundreds of years of civil wars and strife, that could have been avoided if they had seen the value of the ace that they held… Mary Stuart.
James Bryce continued; ‘It may well be doubted-Englishmen at least have reason for the doubt-whether the Reformation would not have lost as much as it could have gained by being entangled in the meshes of royal patronage.’
James Bryce continues his interpretation he stated; ‘ Several fanatical sects arose; refusing to conform to the ordinary rules without which human society could not subsist.
The principles which had led the Protestants to sever themselves from the Roman Church should have taught them to bear with the opinions of others, and warned them from the attempt to connect agreement in doctrine or manner of worship with the indispensable forms of secular government.
A church which does not claim to be infallible is bound to allow that some part of the truth may possibly be with its adversaries. A church which permits or encourages human reason to apply itself to revelation has no right first to argue with people and then to punish them if they are not convinced.’
He points out the faults that the Protestant churches make even to this day regardless of the fact that the Roman Church was accused of so many indiscretions, which does not give license for others to follow bad examples especially as the reformers dictated that they were the true example of Christianity.
Harry Reid wrote in (Outside Verdict) ‘ It was a time for martyrs across Europe.’ Who do we refer the name martyrs upon ?
James Bryce points out at the start of his chapter on the Reformation that it was politics and not religion that created all the strife, though the Catholic Church was the easy whipping boy as there did not exist a Roman Catholic armed forces organisation, such as individual nations had at their disposal.
There was at one point in history where many nations united in a Christian force at the time of the Crusades.
I must add that The Ottoman Muslims were embroiled in defeating Roman Catholicism at this point in history~as they controlled vast areas of Europe and influenced the Protestant Reformers to destroy the Roman Faith. At the height of the Reformation there were no great Roman Catholic invasions, in fact the French did not interfere with other nations who supported Protestantism, though they did fight the Huguenots within France. Reid emphasis’s that; ‘ Calvinism has become something of a byword for meanness of the spirit.’ He also quotes Paul Scott CMG, president of the Saltire Society as stating; ” I am a Presbyterian atheist.”? Also George Rosie another writer and atheist both of whom warmly praised the Reformation, which to me seems rather contradictory and pitiful that these acquaintances of the former editor of the Glasgow Herald have decided that they do not believe in God though claim to be Presbyterians surely this proves my point on the political factor that Presbyterianism is not a religion. Harry poses a thought-provoking questionable writing thus; ” If outsiders and atheists can be so impressed ( by the Reformation ) why on earth can’t the Kirk itself take a bit of pride in its past, in its vast contribution.” ? The question must be addressed if these outsiders and atheists are so impressed by Presbyterianism and the Reformation, why are they not aligned to one of the many sects that they have available to them, or is it perhaps that they have been driven away from the teaching of Christ, because of the distorted doctrines and political agendas that they have had to endure from the Kirk and its demented companions. Reid continued to describe Lord Sutherland of Houndwood who considered at one time becoming a Church of Scotland minister, although he is not a member of the Kirk? He quotes him as saying; ” I do miss the days when the Church of Scotland seemed to matter so much. There are still issues around that I am sure that the Church could debate much better than our new Parliament could. But who is listening? The Church of Scotland cannot turn time back if our society has moved on. But it must not respond by falling prey to every fashion. If relativism and materialism are all around us, people are going to be looking for a degree of comfort, consolation and certainty – all sorts of things. The Church can provide these, but it desperately needs leadership.” Lord Sutherland was Principal of the University of Edinburgh, a member of its divinity faculty and professor of the philosophy of religion at New Collage. Why was he not a member of the Church of Scotland if he missed it so much? as he is well qualified to run the show, but obviously he does not posses the faith to become embroiled with the Kirk. His claim that the Church of Scotland needs leadership is the question that must be answered, what kind of leadership would he advocate Knox or White? or perhaps someone with integrity and a vision to bring Presbyterians into the 21st century, firstly to get round a table with Roman Catholics and hammer out a way to overcome the terrible past and crimes that both sides have committed against the other, and to start looking for a way to bring all the Christian faithful under one roof, together with Muslims, Jews, Hindus, Buddhists and every other faith, then perhaps the whole world will find peace. Lets face the facts the people of the world will never love each other, but we can all respect each others civilizations, and that has got to be taught not only at schools but also through the government and media. The propaganda that others are not equal is causing all the world’s problems especially when one religious group thinks that they are the only true way, and everyone else is wrong, these beliefs should be eradicated by law as God is available free of charge to everyone on earth without any conditions regardless of what any of the major religious institutions preach, as everyone on earth wants to live in peace, with the exception of warmongering morons. I cannot understand why there are so many theological disputes take the example of Roman Catholics believing that the Pope is infallible, or Muslims believe that Mohammed is the prophet or others to believe what they want, that is the meaning of freedom and God. Since the1560s the Protestant Presbyterian churches have been dominated by elders who were the lairds and landowners and they were responsible for choosing the local ministers, in actual fact this policy has never gone away regardless of the many smoke screens set up by the Kirk. Professor T. M. Devine in his book The Scottish Nation 1700-2000 By The Penguin Press, plays the same cover-up performance for the Scottish Protestants, he wrote; ” The clergy were among the social and intellectual leaders of Scotland and from their families came a constant stream of young men and women reared in a domestic atmosphere of religious duty and educational endeavour who went on to make their mark in the Scottish professions bothat home and in the empire.” The period that Devine refers to is the 1840s the people from the Highlands of Scotland were starving to death, and in the cities such as Glasgow and Dundee, women and children’s lives were worthless because of poverty, unemployment and every disease that could be imagined, this was after almost 200 years of glorious Presbyterian rule and education was something for the clergy and elders, one only has to look at Charles Dickens writings for verification. Devine writes; ” Town councillors were also often Kirk elders and were not slow to bring their religious principles to bear on the many problems.” This situation is still rife in Scotland and Northern Ireland with these despicable people still running the show in most of the local councils, and the New Scottish Executive and not to forget Westminster which are all contaminated by these viscous, evil sects that control all the government agencies for their bourgeois landowning masters. Professor Devine describes David Livingstone as a “national icon” who almost became a Scottish“ saint”, hardly an apt description of someone who helped to plunge Africa into hundreds of years of Scottish and English subjugation through his cotton plantations, which lined the pockets of rich Presbyterian churchmen and their families over who’s heads hang the Sword of Damocles waiting tostrike at their thieving descendants. He also proudly writes about India, Africa, the Caribbean and China and the Scots missionaries who were to the fore, no doubt stuffing Opium down the poor Chinese peoples throats and setting up slave cabins~
Devine said; ” The role of the Scots in the British Empire was given a powerful moral legitimacy by the missionary movement. Empire could be seen as a territorial precondition for the expansion of God’s kingdom in order to liberate countless millions from the dreadful grip of paganism.”

Saint Bede-Venerable Bede Doctor of The Holy Roman Catholic Church the greatest scholar, writer, theologian, historian, chronologist in English history!

St. Bede the Venerable
Anglo-Saxon historian
Researched by Frank Dougan 13/12/2018 Saint Bede was the Apostle Saint John.
Written By: The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica
Alternative Titles:Bede of Jarrow, Saint Baeda the Venerable, Saint Beda the Venerable, the Venerable Bede
St. Bede the Venerable, Bede also spelled Baeda or Beda, (born 672/673, traditionally Monkton in Jarrow, Northumbria [England]—died May 25, 735, Jarrow; canonized 1899; feast day May 25), Anglo-Saxon theologian, historian, and chronologist. St. Bede is best known for his Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum (“Ecclesiastical History of the English People”), a source vital to the history of the conversion to Christianity of the Anglo-Saxon tribes.
Heptarchy: The chronicle of Bede and the Bretwalda
The chief chronicler of this period was the 8th-century monk Saint Bede the Venerable, the greatest of the Anglo-Saxon historians. There is sufficient evidence from archaeological remains and ancient place-names to suggest that in its main outlines Bede’s Historia ecclesiastica gentis…
During his lifetime and throughout the Middle Ages, Bede’s reputation was based mainly on his scriptural commentaries, copies of which found their way to many of the monastic libraries of western Europe. The method of dating events from the time of the incarnation, or Christ’s birth—i.e., ad (anno Domini, “in the year of our Lord”)—came into general use through the popularity of the Historia ecclesiastica and the two works on chronology. Bede’s influence was perpetuated at home through the school founded at York by his pupil Archbishop Egbert of York and was transmitted to the rest of Europe by Alcuin, who studied there before becoming master of Charlemagne’s palace school at Aachen.
Nothing is known of Bede’s parentage. At the age of seven he was taken to the monastery of St. Peter at Wearmouth (near Sunderland, Durham), founded by Abbot St. Benedict Biscop, to whose care he was entrusted. By 685 he was moved to Biscop’s newer monastery, of St. Paul, at Jarrow. Bede was ordained a deacon when 19 years old and priest when 30. Apart from visits to Lindisfarne and York, he seems never to have left Wearmouth–Jarrow. Buried at Jarrow, his remains were removed to Durham and are now entombed in the Galilee Chapel of Durham Cathedral.
Bede’s works fall into three groups: grammatical and “scientific,” scriptural commentary, and historical and biographical. His earliest works included treatises on spelling, hymns, figures of speech, verse, and epigrams. His first treatise on chronology, De temporibus (“On Times”), with a brief chronicle attached, was written in 703. In 725 he completed a greatly amplified version, De temporum ratione (“On the Reckoning of Time”), with a much longer chronicle. Both these books were mainly concerned with the reckoning of Easter. His earliest biblical commentary was probably that on the Revelation to John (703?–709); in this and many similar works, his aim was to transmit and explain relevant passages from the Fathers of the Church. Although his interpretations were mainly allegorical, treating much of the biblical text as symbolic of deeper meanings, he used some critical judgment and attempted to rationalize discrepancies. Among his most notable are his verse (705–716) and prose (before 721) lives of St. Cuthbert, bishop of Lindisfarne. These works are uncritical and abound with accounts of miracles; a more exclusively historical work is Historia abbatum (c. 725; “Lives of the Abbots”).
In 731/732 Bede completed his Historia ecclesiastica. Divided into five books, it recorded events in Britain from the raids by Julius Caesar (55–54 bce) to the arrival in Kent (597 ce) of St. Augustine of Canterbury. For his sources, he claimed the authority of ancient letters, the “traditions of our forefathers,” and his own knowledge of contemporary events. Bede’s Historia ecclesiastica leaves gaps tantalizing to secular historians. Although overloaded with the miraculous, it is the work of a scholar anxious to assess the accuracy of his sources and to record only what he regarded as trustworthy evidence. It remains an indispensable source for some of the facts and much of the feel of early Anglo-Saxon history.
The chronicle of Bede and the Bretwalda
The chief chronicler of this period was the 8th-century monk Saint Bede the Venerable, the greatest of the Anglo-Saxon historians. There is sufficient evidence from archaeological remains and ancient place-names to suggest that in its main outlines Bede’s Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum (“Ecclesiastical History of the English People”) is substantially correct. It was certainly more than a literary reconstruction by a monk writing in isolation, and Bede himself stated that he had sent a draft of his history to Ceolwulf, king of Northumbria, “to read and examine….” Its statements therefore carry the approval of a Northumbrian king in an age when courts were the chief repositories of national traditions.
Bede names seven kings who successively ruled all the southern provinces of the English people as far as the River Humber, the first of whom was Aelle (flourished late 5th century ce), king of the South Saxons. The second was Ceawlin (ruled 560-592, died 593), king of the West Saxons, under whom the kingdom of Wessex reached the most northerly limits of its early expansion. The third was Aethelberht of Kent (560-616), in whose time the southern kingdoms had begun to assume the outlines of their permanent shape. A 9th-century annalist who copied Bede’s list states that this overlordship brought the title Bretwalda to its possessor. The word, which means “ruler of Britain,” belongs to the complimentary language commonly addressed by poets to patrons who entertained them at court. However, it indicates the range of the superiority allowed to their overlords by the lesser kings who combined to form these early confederacies. Politically, the Kentish kingdom was not strong enough to keep the position to which Aethelberht had raised it. Even before his death in 616, supremacy in southern England was passing from Kent to East Anglia under Raedwald, the fourth in Bede’s list of overlords.
In the north, a greater Northumbria was coming into being under Aethelfrith, and the first recorded trial of strength between northern and southern England was an attack on Aethelfrith by Raedwald in the interest of his protégé Edwin, the exiled heir of the Deiran kingdom. In a battle on the River Idle, near Bawtry, Aethelfrith was killed (616) and Edwin, the fifth in Bede’s list, became king of all Northumbria. Within a few years he had been recognized as overlord throughout southern England, apart from Kent, with which he had a special relationship through his marriage to Aethelberga, King Aethelberht’s daughter. Even so, he came much nearer than any previous king to a position of authority over all of England. Edwin was overthrown in battle (632) on his southern border by Cadwallon, king of Gwynedd, and a member of the Mercian royal house named Penda, who was carried by the victory into the Mercian kingship.
For a year, Cadwallon and his allies gave themselves to a deliberate harrying of all Northumbria. The kingdom was restored by Oswald, son of Aethelfrith of Bernicia. Oswald’s destruction of Cadwallon and his army in 633 made him the outstanding figure among the kings of his time, and he is the sixth in Bede’s list. His reputation among the kings of the north was as great as that which Edwin had once possessed, and in the south he is known to have had direct authority in Lindsey, Wessex, and Sussex. In Mercia, where Penda by now was king, Oswald was regarded as an enemy, and in 641 he was defeated and killed by a Mercian army. After this battle Northumbria devolved into its two ancient divisions of Deira and Bernicia. In Bernicia, Oswald was succeeded by his brother Oswiu, the seventh and final king in Bede’s list. For 13 years Oswiu was confronted by rival kings in Deira and was kept in enforced subordination to Penda by the surrender of hostages. This uneasy equilibrium was ended by one of the most obscure episodes in Old English history. In 654, for no discernible reason, Oswiu was attacked by Penda at the head of a large army to which many allied kings and princes had brought their followers. Penda was defeated and killed in a battle fought in the area of Leeds, and Oswiu, reuniting Deira and Bernicia, was able to annex northern Mercia to his own kingdom and to reestablish Northumbrian ascendancy in the south. Three years later, a revolt in Mercia destroyed this settlement, and with it the possibility that England might be united politically under Northumbrian leadership.

Saint Bede was the Apostle Saint John.odt
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My quest for the Holy Gospels. By Francesco Josepa Dougan
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English Cardinal John Henry Newman is created Saint; October 2019

British Ambassador: Canonization of English Cardinal John Henry Newman a great moment for Catholics; October 2019. Sally Axworthy, Britain’s Ambassador to the Holy See, talks about the upcoming canonization of English Cardinal John Henry Newman, describing it as a pivotal moment for British Catholicism. By Francesca Merlo “I think, like the rest of the UK, I am delighted” about the Canonisation of John Henry Newman, says Ambassador Axworthy. Referring to the 1976 canonisation of Scotsman John Ogilvie, she recalls that it has been “over 40 years since there has been a British Saint canonised”. Not only has it been 40 years, but it is also significant as Cardinal Newman will be “the first post-reformation British Saint.” John Henry Newman will be made Saint by Pope Francis, along with four other Blesseds, on Sunday, October 13th in St Peter’s Square. A cause for Sainthood The cause for John Henry Newman’s sainthood was opened in 1958. In an interview with Vatican Radio’s Linda Bordoni, Ambassador Axworthy says it has been an “opportunity” for her to “become more acquainted with Cardinal Newman and his works”. She explains that she read history at university and had therefore studied “his role in the Oxford movement while he was still an Anglican”. However, this year she has been “reading more about his whole life”. “Really,” continues Ambassador Axworthy, “the things he wrote were very striking and I think they remain that way”. She explains that John Henry Newman examined his faith with great “honesty”, examining questions that it posed to him – something which she believes “speaks to people even today”. The emancipation of Catholics in the UK Ambassador Axworthy recalls that “the emancipation of Catholics came in 1829”, and the restoration of the hierarchy in England and Wales came about in 1850. After that, she says, there was a “return to respectability,” and as Cardinal Newman was around for most of the 19th century, he was “very much a part of that”. She then goes on to say that Cardinal Newman was a “towering intellect” in the 19th century and that, though he was “initially vilified for it”, in time he wrote some “very reasoned accounts”. If you read the history around that period, continues Ambassador Axworthy, you can see that his “vilification turned to acceptance, and not just of him, but of Catholics in general.” So, she says, though he was “very important for Catholics in the UK”, both as an historical figure and for the history of English Catholicism he is also important to many Catholics worldwide. Prince Charles to attend the canonisation To mark the canonisation, Prince Charles will be visiting Rome, and he will meet the Pope on Sunday morning. He will also visit the exhibition at the Venerable English College ‘John Henry Newman, a Saint in Rome’. “Most of the places associated to Cardinal Newman are in the UK”, says Ambassador Axworthy, explaining that he was “very much rooted in Oxford”, and after he became a Catholic, in Birmingham, and that he also spent 4 years in Dublin. “But” she says, “he also made four visits to Rome”. The exhibition displays material gathered from four institutions: Propaganda Fidae, the Venerable English College, and the Newman Centre in order to “shine a light on those four visits” For Catholics worldwide Finally, Ambassador Axworthy says that the weekend is a great moment for the UK and for English Catholicism, but also “for all of us more widely to celebrate someone who made a huge impact on his time” and on the times that followed.

Scotland Needs A True National Party For Catholics: A Scottish Renewal!

Ordo Militaris Radio

94e6e9b9-7169-4cb6-bc8f-5047e0db4b2ab69195d0-215b-4774-97ab-1c9650db02e4grandpa and grandma

Mary, Queen Of Scots, Pray For Us!

My dear fellow Catholic Scots, my dear people, I know you hate hearing from foreigners telling you what to do, I’m not exactly a foreigner, but a Scot, like all the Princes, Kings and Queens of Scotland born not in Scotland, but from Scotland by ancestors.

But recently, in learn the awful truth of Scotland and how our beloved country fell and sharing only the small introductory part, I actually heard from you on the Youtube Channel I run for Ordo Militaris Catholicus, and you thanked me for sharing this information that you never heard, so I am sharing more from what I am learning from the Scottish Historian, Francesco Josepa Dougan.

I am currently reading/studying his paper, Scottish Nationalist Party Founded On Hate & Persecution Of Scottish & Irish Catholics

“By Tom Gallagher 1985. ” The Scottish Historical Review 64…

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The hypocrisy of the Scottish Nationalist Party and pollution of Scotland and the planet "It's Scotland's Oil"!

“It’s Scotland’s oil” was a widely publicised political slogan used by the Scottish National Party (SNP) during the 1970s in making their economic case for Scottish independence. It was argued that the discovery of North Sea oil off the coast of Scotland, and the revenue that it created would not benefit Scotland to any significant degree while Scotland remained part of the United Kingdom. The SNP campaigned widely in both the February 1974 UK General Election and subsequent October 1974 UK General Election using this slogan. At the February election the SNP gained seven seats in the House of Commons and 22% of the Scottish vote, rising to eleven seats and 30% of the vote in the October election. The idea behind the slogan has proven to be controversial in discussions surrounding the financial viability of an independent Scottish state and still resonates to this day.[1]

Maryqueenofscots1587's Blog

Wikipedia From Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to navigationJump to search An oil drilling rig in the North Sea

It’s Scotland’s oil” was a widely publicised political slogan used by the Scottish National Party (SNP) during the 1970s in making their economic case for Scottish independence. It was argued that the discovery of North Sea oil off the coast of Scotland, and the revenue that it created would not benefit Scotland to any significant degree while Scotland remained part of the United Kingdom. The SNP campaigned widely in both the February 1974 UK General Election and subsequent October 1974 UK General Election using this slogan. At the February election the SNP gained seven seats in the House of Commons and 22% of the Scottish vote, rising to eleven seats and 30% of the vote in the October election. The idea behind the slogan has…

View original post 1,572 more words

The hypocrisy of the Scottish Nationalist Party and pollution of Scotland and the planet "It's Scotland's Oil"!

Wikipedia From Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to navigationJump to search An oil drilling rig in the North Sea

It’s Scotland’s oil” was a widely publicised political slogan used by the Scottish National Party (SNP) during the 1970s in making their economic case for Scottish independence. It was argued that the discovery of North Sea oil off the coast of Scotland, and the revenue that it created would not benefit Scotland to any significant degree while Scotland remained part of the United Kingdom. The SNP campaigned widely in both the February 1974 UK General Election and subsequent October 1974 UK General Election using this slogan. At the February election the SNP gained seven seats in the House of Commons and 22% of the Scottish vote, rising to eleven seats and 30% of the vote in the October election. The idea behind the slogan has proven to be controversial in discussions surrounding the financial viability of an independent Scottish state and still resonates to this day.[1]

Contents

Background[edit]

The outcome of the February 1974 General Election saw the Labour Party, led by Harold Wilson, win the most seats. Prime Minister Edward Heath, leader of the Conservative Party, lost support from the Ulster Unionist Party and, although he entered coalition negotiations with Liberal leader Jeremy Thorpe, these broke down. The Labour Party then formed the new government, with a plurality of seats but without a majority. In October 1974, Wilson went back to the country to ask for a renewed mandate.

During this time, in Scotland support for the Scottish National Party had been increasing after the victory of the SNP candidate Winnie Ewing at the 1967 Hamilton by-election. The political instability surrounding the general elections of 1974 represented a time of intense political campaigning in the UK, which further brought the SNP to prominence. It was during this time that the slogan “It’s Scotland’s Oil” came to the fore with the February election seeing 7 SNP candidates returned, rising to 11 in October. Some well known MPs such as Tam Dalyell believe this was in no small part due to the “It’s Scotland’s oil” slogan employed by the Scottish National Party.[2]

The economic background to the claim was the discovery of oil in the North Sea in the 1960s, and its coming on line in the 1970s. The majority of the largest oil fields in the UK sector of the North Sea were found in the waters to the north and east of the Scottish mainland, with the more northerly fields found to the east of the Orkney and Shetland islands.[3] Aberdeen became the centre of Britain’s North Sea oil industry, with many oil terminals such as that of Sullom Voe in Shetland and Flotta in Orkney and at Cruden Bay and St Fergus on the north east coast of Scotland, being built to support the North Sea oil industry. In the early 1970s, there was a great deal of economic turbulence with the 1973 oil price shock caused by the Yom Kippur War, resulting in rising inflation coupled with high unemployment, recession (also known as stagflation) in Scotland and the rest of the United Kingdom.[4] Thus the economic argument that formed the basis of the slogan was that while Scotland was part of the United Kingdom, it lacked control over royalties and revenue from the majority of the oil which lay in the Scottish sector of the North Sea.

Reality of the claim[edit]

Given that Scotland is not a sovereign state, it has no effective maritime boundaries; and any claims Scotland may assert are subsumed as part of claims made by the United Kingdom. However, due to the existence of two separate legal systems in Great Britain — that of Scots law pertaining to Scotland and English law pertaining to England and Wales — constitutional law in the United Kingdom has provided for the division of the UK sector of the North Sea into specific Scottish and English components.[5] The Continental Shelf Act 1964 and the Continental Shelf (Jurisdiction) Order 1968 defined the UK North Sea maritime area to the north of latitude 55 degrees north as being under the jurisdiction of Scots law[6] meaning that 90% of the UK’s oil resources was considered under Scottish jurisdiction.[7][8] In addition, section 126 of the Scotland Act 1998 defined Scottish waters as the internal waters and territorial sea of the United Kingdom as are adjacent to Scotland.[9] This was subsequently amended by the Scottish Adjacent Waters Boundary Order 1999 which redefined the extent of Scottish waters and Scottish fishery limits.[10][11]

Recent evidence by Kemp and Stephen (1999) has tried to estimate hypothetical Scottish shares of North Sea Oil revenue by dividing the UK sector of the North Sea into separate Scottish and English sectors using the international principle of equidistance as utilised under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) – such a convention is used in defining the maritime assets of newly formed states and resolving international maritime disputes. The study by Kemp & Stephen showed that hypothesised Scottish shares of North Sea oil revenue over the period 1970 to 1999 varied, dependent upon the price of oil and offset against taxable profits and the costs of exploration and development.[12]

Nevertheless, a Scottish share of North Sea oil is never formally alluded to as part of Scotland’s net fiscal position and is treated by HM Treasury as extra-regio resources.[13] The BBC economist Evan Davis however reported prior to the 2007 Scottish Parliament election that the Barnett formula already allows Scotland to sustain higher levels of per capita public spending relative to the rest of the UK, which is approximately equivalent to its disproportionately high annual contribution of tax revenues to the central UK Treasury from Oil production.[14] However Scotland’s per capita spending growth, relative to the rest of the UK, has in recent years, been nominally reduced by the operation of the Barnett formula, in order to bring public spending levels into line with the UK average, in a phenomenon that had been dubbed the “Barnett Squeeze”.[15]

Claims by Shetland and Orkney[edit]

There have been moves to recast the constitutional status of Orkney, Shetland and the Western Isles partly in order to get a greater share of the oil revenues to these islands, in whose maritime territory it is argued that most of the oil is found.

Scottish Independence Referendum[edit]

Jim Sillars, former Deputy Leader of the Scottish National Party, said during the 2014 Scottish independence referendum that “BP, in an independent Scotland, will need to learn the meaning of nationalisation, in part or in whole, as it has in other countries who have not been as soft as we have forced to be. We will be the masters of the oil fields, not BP or any other of the majors.”[16][17][18]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Scotland’s oil: Does oil in Scotland have a future? Professor Thomas W Walde – Thomas Walde Professor of International Economic Energy and Natural Resources Law at the University of Dundee
  2. ^ Independent Online edition December 2005 Tam Dalyell, who served as Labour MP in West Lothian for 43 years, agrees…. “It could have tipped the balance it a number of seats including mine. Oil was very much a totemic issue” Archived 2005-12-12 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ School Science from The Energy Institute Map of North Sea oil fields Archived 2007-02-14 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Scotland on Sunday, January 1, 2006 How North Sea oil calmed the UK’s crisis ridden waters
  5. ^ Parliament of the United Kingdom – Standing Committee B, Energy Bill (2004) Lords Hansard discussion on the subject
  6. ^ United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea UK Legislation – The Continental Shelf (Jurisdiction) Order 1968
  7. ^ Ben Russell and Paul Kelbie (9 December 2005). “How black gold was hijacked: North sea oil and the betrayal of Scotland”. Independent Online edition. By the mid 1970s, international convention had already agreed that the North Sea north of the 55th parallel was under Scottish jurisdiction. That meant around 90 per cent of the UK’s oil and gas reserves fell within Scottish waters Archived 2005-12-12 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Murkens, Jones & Keating (2002) p183
  9. ^ Scotland Act 1998 Section 126 – Interpretation
  10. ^ Statutory Instrument 1126 of 1999 Scottish Adjacent Waters Boundary Order 1999
  11. ^ Scottish Adjacent Waters Boundary Order 1999 Map of the extent of Scottish Waters
  12. ^ Murkens, Jones & Keating (2002) p189
  13. ^ Government Expenditure and Revenue (Scotland) 2002-03 In the Regional Accounts, the UK Continental Shelf is included in a separate region of the UK (the Extra-regio territory) and is not allocated to specific geographic regions
  14. ^ “The Scottish gamble”. BBC News. 30 April 2007. Retrieved 20 June 2007.
  15. ^ Professor David Bell (January 2001). “The Barnett Formula” (PDF). University of Stirling. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 July 2007. Retrieved 27 December 2007.
  16. ^ https://www.scotsman.com/news/politics/day-of-reckoning-post-yes-vote-says-jim-sillars-1-3539754
  17. ^ https://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/2014/09/12/scottish-independence-jim-sillars-nationalise_n_5810496.html
  18. ^ https://www.forbes.com/sites/timworstall/2014/09/12/bp-to-be-nationalised-the-latest-scottish-independence-threat/

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Retrieved from “https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=It%27s_Scotland%27s_oil&oldid=935171263Categories:

Written by Francesco Josepa Dougan. All the commentators on Climate Change have missed or covered up the true reasons. The fact is the Earth has moved a fraction due to movement in the Tectonic Plates over the past century because of the draining of the Oil in every corner of the planet including under the seas. The Oil is a lubricant to stop the Tectonic Plates rubbing against each other and because this has been taken away from the planet they are constantly rubbing against each other causing friction and this causes more heat to be generated underground and seas and causing more constant volcanic eruptions and violation of Mother Earth.

The Earth is and has been shaken to the core in almost every decade since 1914.
The toxic gasses used along with the torrential down-poring of millions of tons of bombs exploding and shaking the world.
The trials and use of Atomic Bombs are beyond belief of a simple person such as I.
Is it any wonder why the planet is responding to these actions of destruction.
Syria and Russia are still using toxic gasses in the 21st century.
Dangerous Radio waves are polluting the atmosphere.

Maryqueenofscots1587's Blog

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Climate Change is caused by constant bombing and draining of Oil from the Tectonic Plates.

Written by Francesco Josepa Dougan.

All the commentators on Climate Change have missed or covered up the true reasons.

The fact is the Earth has moved a fraction due to movement in the Tectonic Plates over the past century because of the draining of the Oil in every corner of the planet including under the seas.

The Oil is a lubricant to stop the Tectonic Plates rubbing against each other and because this has been taken away from the planet they are constantly rubbing against each other causing friction and this causes more heat to be generated underground and seas and causing more constant volcanic eruptions and violation of Mother Earth.

The 20th century and including today January 2020 has and is a wrecking force on the planet by…

View original post 212 more words

Written by Francesco Josepa Dougan. All the commentators on Climate Change have missed or covered up the true reasons. The fact is the Earth has moved a fraction due to movement in the Tectonic Plates over the past century because of the draining of the Oil in every corner of the planet including under the seas. The Oil is a lubricant to stop the Tectonic Plates rubbing against each other and because this has been taken away from the planet they are constantly rubbing against each other causing friction and this causes more heat to be generated underground and seas and causing more constant volcanic eruptions and violation of Mother Earth.

Version:1.0 StartHTML:0000000168 EndHTML:0000008123 StartFragment:0000000435 EndFragment:0000008106

Climate Change is caused by constant bombing and draining of Oil from the Tectonic Plates.

Written by Francesco Josepa Dougan.

All the commentators on Climate Change have missed or covered up the true reasons.

The fact is the Earth has moved a fraction due to movement in the Tectonic Plates over the past century because of the draining of the Oil in every corner of the planet including under the seas.

The Oil is a lubricant to stop the Tectonic Plates rubbing against each other and because this has been taken away from the planet they are constantly rubbing against each other causing friction and this causes more heat to be generated underground and seas and causing more constant volcanic eruptions and violation of Mother Earth.

The 20th century and including today January 2020 has and is a wrecking force on the planet by constant wars and the introduction of of the most terrible and devastating inventions of destruction known to mankind.

The Earth is and has been shaken to the core in almost every decade since 1914.

The toxic gasses used along with the torrential down-poring of millions of tons of bombs exploding and shaking the world.

The trials and use of Atomic Bombs are beyond belief of a simple person such as I.

Is it any wonder why the planet is responding to these actions of destruction.

Syria and Russia are still using toxic gasses in the 21st century.

Dangerous Radio waves are polluting the atmosphere.

All the leaders of these nations are guilty of Crimes Against the Human Race and God who created this wonderful planet and planets around us that are now being subjected to probing and contamination from Earth.

We all know the nations I refer to they all share the same guilt.

Politicians will not come up with the solutions to stop this destruction as there is so much corruption between the manufactures of weapons of Mass-Destruction and Oil Producers who fill the coffers of the contaminated people in power.

Attila the Hun and Gen Khan were pussycats in comparison with the leaders of nations of past 120 years.

Scotland’s Secret Shame: The Story Of Scotland’s Downfall

Climate Change is caused by constant bombing and draining of Oil from the Tectonic Plates.
Written by Francesco Josepa Dougan.
All the commentators on Climate Change have missed or covered up the true reasons.
The fact is the Earth has moved a fraction due to movement in the Tectonic Plates over the past century because of the draining of the Oil in every corner of the planet including under the seas.
The Oil is a lubricant to stop the Tectonic Plates rubbing against each other and because this has been taken away from the planet they are constantly rubbing against each other causing friction and this causes more heat to be generated underground and seas and causing more constant volcanic eruptions and violation of Mother Earth.
The 20th century and including today January 2020 has and is a wrecking force on the planet by constant wars and the introduction of of the most terrible and devastating inventions of destruction known to mankind.
The Earth is and has been shaken to the core in almost every decade since 1914.
The toxic gasses used along with the torrential down-poring of millions of tons of bombs exploding and shaking the world.
The trials and use of Atomic Bombs are beyond belief of a simple person such as I.
Is it any wonder why the planet is responding to these actions of destruction.
Syria and Russia are still using toxic gasses in the 21st century.
Dangerous Radio waves are polluting the atmosphere.
All the leaders of these nations are guilty of Crimes Against the Human Race and God who created this wonderful planet and planets around us that are now being subjected to probing and contamination from Earth.
We all know the nations I refer to they all share the same guilt.
Politicians will not come up with the solutions to stop this destruction as there is so much corruption between the manufactures of weapons of Mass-Destruction and Oil Producers who fill the coffers of the contaminated people in power.
Attila the Hun and Gen Khan were pussycats in comparison with the leaders of nations of past 120 years.

Ordo Militaris Radio

I read to you a forgotten bit of history regarding how Scotland fell and a history that is no longer taught by anyone. Read Scotland’s Secret Shame: The Story of Scotland’s Downfall by Francesco Joseph Dougan

My fellow Catholics I call on you to pray a Rosary, Ask through the Intercession of Saint Andrew, and my dear Great Grandmother, Queen Saint Margaret of Scotland for Scotland’s Conversion back to Catholicism!

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Scotland’s Secret Shame: the Story of Scotland’s downfall

Maryqueenofscots1587's Blog

Written and researched by Francesco Josepa Dougan published by; HTTPS://FROMROME.WORDPRESS.COM

The Persecution and destruction of Mary Queen of Scots by John Knox!

The mystery surrounding John Knox is an enigma as there are no records available or details of his life prior to 1540.
Records of births at the Mitchell Library in Glasgow show two John Knox birth dates as 1505 and 1515 both born in Haddington.
There are also records of a John Knox who was a notary and was connected with the Roman Catholic Church around the 1520s.
Knox was married twice and had five children, he wrote umpteen books including his “History” yet nothing is known of his life, even in those days people celebrated birthdays, especially since Knox had banned Christmas and Easter. Look at the many famous people whom we know of their lives even though they came from humble backgrounds;
Written and researched by…

View original post 6 more words

Scotland’s Secret Shame: the Story of Scotland’s downfall

Written and researched by Francesco Josepa Dougan published by; HTTPS://FROMROME.WORDPRESS.COM

The Persecution and destruction of Mary Queen of Scots by John Knox!

The mystery surrounding John Knox is an enigma as there are no records available or details of his life prior to 1540.
Records of births at the Mitchell Library in Glasgow show two John Knox birth dates as 1505 and 1515 both born in Haddington.
There are also records of a John Knox who was a notary and was connected with the Roman Catholic Church around the 1520s.
Knox was married twice and had five children, he wrote umpteen books including his “History” yet nothing is known of his life, even in those days people celebrated birthdays, especially since Knox had banned Christmas and Easter. Look at the many famous people whom we know of their lives even though they came from humble backgrounds;
Written and researched by Francesco Josepa Dougan published by; HTTPS://FROMROME.WORDPRESS.COM

Scotland’s Secret Shame: the Story of Scotland’s downfall

Written and researched by; Frank J Dougan
The Persecution and destruction of Mary Queen of Scots by John Knox!
The mystery surrounding John Knox is an
enigma as there are no records available or details of his life prior to 1540.
Records of births at the Mitchell Library in Glasgow show two John Knox birth dates as 1505 and 1515 both born in Haddington.
There are also records of a John Knox who was a notary and was connected with the Roman Catholic Church around 1520s.
Knox was married twice and had five children, he wrote umpteen books including his
“History” yet nothing is known of his life, even in those days people celebrated
birthdays, especially since Knox had banned
Christmas and Easter.Look at the many famous people whom we know of their lives even though they came from humble backgrounds;
Written and researched by Francesco Josepa Dougan​ published by; https://FROMROME.WORDPRESS.COM

FromRome.Info

James_V_of_Scotland2 King James V of Scotland

Written and researched by Francesco Joseph Dougan

https://independent.academia.edu/FrankDougan/Papers
https://maryqueenofscots1587.wordpress.com
https://lindisfarnegospels.blogspot.com/
https://twitter.com/MQofScots

14th of December 1542. King James V. of Scotland held his seven-day-old baby daughter Mary in his arms and with his last breath may have whispered to her?

‘My darling lassie, I’m so sorry to leave you in these dreadful times surrounded by devils. Now you will be queen, as I fear my life slipping away’.

With the death of James V. dawned an era that was about to change the world, and especially Scotland for the worst.

The Reformation and the doom and gloom of Protestantism that would plunge the country into the bloodiest period it had ever witnessed in its troubled history.

Never before or since had there been a more devious collection of contemptuous Vultures accumulated on the political stage of Scotland or England who created havoc and division, that would…

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