The birth of Mary Stuart who was crowned Queen of France and should have been Queen of England which would have united three kingdoms. This would have been a direct threat to Charles the Fifth of Germanic peoples, and as James Bryce narrates; ‘ A prince had just ascended the imperial throne who united dominions vaster than any Europe had seen since the days of his great namesake. Spain and Naples, Flanders, and other parts of the Burgundian lands, as well as large regions of eastern Germany, obeyed Charles; he drew inexhaustible revenues from an empire beyond the Atlantic, he had all the gold and rich treasures from Peru and Mexico.’ The English and French were so busy fighting each other and getting the Scots involved in their continuous wars the lords and nobles from the 3 nations, were so blind that they did not see the advantage of being united under one monarch, therefore the Lutherans and Calvinists created the great diversion of Church property, this took the nobles and lords minds away from the big picture of Europe, and plunged Scotland and England into hundreds of years of civil wars and strife, that could have been avoided if they had seen the value of the ace that they held , Mary Stuart. James Bryce continued; ‘ It may well be doubted-Englishmen at least have reason for the doubt-whether the Reformation would not have lost as much as it could have gained by being entangled in the meshes of royal patronage.’ James Bryce continues his interpretation he stated; ‘ Several fanatical sects arose; refusing to conform to the ordinary rules without which human society could not subsist. The principles which had led the Protestants to sever themselves from the Roman Church should have taught them to bear with the opinions of others, and warned them from the attempt to connect agreement in doctrine or manner of worship with the indispensable forms of secular government. A church which does not claim to be infallible is bound to allow that some part of the truth may possibly be with its adversaries. A church which permits or encourages human reason to apply itself to revelation has no right first to argue with people and then to punish them if they are not convinced.’ He points out the faults that the Protestant churches make even to this day regardless of the fact that the Roman Church was accused of so many indiscretions, which does not give license for others to follow bad examples especially as the reformers dictated that they were the true example of Christianity. Harry Reid wrote in (Outside Verdict) ‘ It was a time for martyrs across Europe.’ Who do we refer the name martyrs upon ? James Bryce points out at the start of his chapter on the Reformation that it was politics and not religion that created all the strife, though the Catholic Church was the easy whipping boy as there did not exist a Roman Catholic armed forces organisation, such as individual nations had at their disposal. There was at one point in history where many nations united in a Christian force at the time of the Crusades. I must add that The Ottoman Muslims were embroiled in defeating Roman Catholicism at this point in history~~~as they controlled vast areas of Europe and influenced the Protestant Reformers to destroy the Roman Faith. At the height of the Reformation there were no great Roman Catholic invasions, in fact the French did not interfere with other nations who supported Protestantism, though they did fight the Huguenots within France. Reid emphasis’s that; ‘ Calvinism has become something of a byword for meanness of the spirit.’ He also quotes Paul Scott CMG, president of the Saltire Society as stating; ” I am a Presbyterian atheist.” ? Also George Rosie another writer and atheist both of whom warmly praised the Reformation, which to me seems rather contradictory and pitiful that these acquaintances of the former editor of the Glasgow Herald have decided that they do not believe in God though claim to be Presbyterians surely this proves my point on the political factor that Presbyterianism is not a religion. Harry poses a thought-provoking questionable writing thus; ” If outsiders and atheists can be so impressed ( by the Reformation ) why on earth can’t the Kirk itself take a bit of pride in its past, in its vast contribution.” ? The question must be addressed if these outsiders and atheists are so impressed by Presbyterianism and the Reformation, why are they not aligned to one of the many sects that they have available to them, or is it perhaps that they have been driven away from the teaching of Christ, because of the distorted doctrines and political agendas that they have had to endure from the Kirk and its demented companions. Reid continued to describe Lord Sutherland of Houndwood who considered at one time becoming a Church of Scotland minister, although he is not a member of the Kirk?He quotes him as saying; ” I do miss the days when the Church of Scotland seemed to matter so much. There are still issues around that I am sure that the Church could debate much better than our new Parliament could. But who is listening ?The Church of Scotland cannot turn time back if our society has moved on. But it must not respond by falling prey to every fashion. If relativism and materialism are all around us, people are going to be looking for a degree of comfort, consolation and certainty – all sorts of things. The Church can provide these, but it desperately needs leadership.” Lord Sutherland was Principal of the University of Edinburgh, a member of its divinity faculty and professor of the philosophy of religion at New Collage. Why was he not a member of the Church of Scotland if he missed it so much? as he is well qualified to run the show, but obviously he does not posses the faith to become embroiled with the Kirk. His claim that the Church of Scotland needs leadership is the question that must be answered, what kind of leadership would he advocate Knox or White? or perhaps someone with integrity and a vision to bring Presbyterians into the 21st century, firstly to get round a table with Roman Catholics and hammer out a way to overcome the terrible past and crimes that both sides have committed against the other, and to start looking for a way to bring all the Christian faithful under one roof, together with Muslims, Jews, Hindus, Buddhists and every other faith, then perhaps the whole world will find peace. Lets face the facts the people of the world will never love each other, but we can all respect each others civilizations, and that has got to be taught not only at schools but also through the government and media. The propaganda that others are not equal is causing all the world’s problems especially when one religious group thinks that they are the only true way, and everyone else is wrong, these beliefs should be eradicated by law as God is available free of charge to everyone on earth without any conditions regardless of what any of the major religious institutions preach, as everyone on earth wants to live in peace, with the exception of warmongering morons. I cannot understand why there are so many theological disputes take the example of Roman Catholics believing that the Pope is infallible, or Muslims believe that Mohammed is the prophet or others to believe what they want, that is the meaning of freedom and God. Since the1560s the Protestant Presbyterian churches have been dominated by elders who were the lairds and landowners and they were responsible for choosing the local ministers, in actual fact this policy has never gone away regardless of the many smoke screens set up by the Kirk. Professor T. M. Devine in his book The Scottish Nation 1700-2000 By The Penguin Press, plays the same cover-up performance for the Scottish Protestants, he wrote; ” The clergy were among the social and intellectual leaders of Scotland and from their families came a constant stream of young men and women reared in a domestic atmosphere of religious duty and educational endeavour who went on to make their mark in the Scottish professions bothat home and in the empire.” The period that Devine refers to is the 1840s the people from the Highlands of Scotland were starving to death, and in the cities such as Glasgow and Dundee, women and children’s lives were worthless because of poverty, unemployment and every disease that could be imagined, this was after almost200 years of glorious Presbyterian rule, and education was something for the clergy and elders, one only has to look at Charles Dickens writings for verification. Devine writes; ” Town councillors were also often Kirk elders and were not slow to bring their religious principles to bear on the many problems.” This situation is still rife in Scotland and Northern Ireland with these despicable people still running the show in most of the local councils, and the New Scottish Executive and not to forget Westminster which are all contaminated by these viscous, evil sects that control all the government agencies for their bourgeois landowning incestuous masters. Professor Devine describes David Livingstone as a “national icon” who almost became a Scottish“ saint”, hardly an apt description of someone who helped to plunge Africa into hundreds of years of Scottish and English subjugation through his cotton plantations, which lined the pockets of rich Presbyterian churchmen and their families over who’s heads hang the Sword of Damocles waiting tostrike at their thieving descendants. He also proudly writes about India, Africa, the Caribbean and China and the Scots missionaries who were to the fore, no doubt stuffing Opium down the poor Chinese peoples throats and setting up slave cabins~~~ Devine said; ” The role of the Scots in the British Empire was given a powerful moral legitimacy by the missionary movement. Empire could be seen as a territorial precondition for the expansion of God’s kingdom in order to liberate countless millions from the dreadful grip of paganism.” This letter was written a couple of hours before Mary’s brutal martyrdom, she had survived 20years illegal imprisonment in the most horrendous conditions imaginable, her body was wracked with rheumatic disease, her now grey hair was cropped short for hygiene reasons, because of the vermininfested prisons that she was kept in. Yet this woman who has been ridiculed in every conceivable mode by Scottish Historians and writers was not thinking of herself in her last hours, she was fully concerned for the people who had stayed with her in her prison all those harrowing years, not for financial reward, but out of total love and dedication for Mary. I cannot recall anything to equal this act of devotion towards another human being, even the disciples of Jesus and John the Baptist abandoned them, not that I compare Mary to the Greatest two men who ever lived. Do you know of anyone in history that have sacrificed their lives for the love of another person and stayed loyal in spite of dungeon fire and sword ? This was a double sided love because as we all know that when one’s love is lost for even our most intimate partner then we go our separate ways, but the dedication that Mary’s friends had for her and vise versa, begs one to ask the question, who would volunteer to spend 20 years in prison without pay and share every intimate secret with a demon that Mary is portrayed to be by Scottish Historians and educational institutions. If there is one thing that can defiantly be attributed to the Scots is the intuition to suss out who the bad guys are, and another great trait is that the Celtic peoples do not suffer-fools-gladly , I can assure you that those women and some men who stayed with Mary all through thick and thin, were certainly no mugs. Maurice Lindsay quotes Antonia Fraser from his ( Scotland an Anthology);‘ Whether she was a beauty by our standards or not, Mary Stuart was certainly rated a beauty bythe standards of her own time: even the venomous Knox, never inclined to pay compliments to those with whose convictions he disagreed, described her as ‘ pleasing ’, and recorded that the people of Edinburgh called out ‘ Heaven bless that sweet face’ as she passed on her way’. One must look at the descriptions of these two adversaries and the place in people’s hearts and minds with the differences of character, and the affection that the world still holds for Mary Stuart whereas Knox has always been described as a blackguard even by his most determined allies. Antonia Fraser’s passage continues; ‘ Sir James Melville, an experienced man of the world who prided himself on his detachment, called her appearance ‘ very lovesome ’. Ronsard paid her superb tributes: he wrote of her hands which he particularly admired and their long, ringless fingers, which he compared in a poetic phrase to five unequal branches; he wrote of the unadorned beauty of her throat, free of any necklace, her alabaster brow, her ivory bosom. When she was a young widow , he wrote of her pacing sadly but gracefully at Fontainebleau, her garments blowing about her as she walked, like the sails of a ship ruffled in the wind. The word Goddess was the one which seemed to come most naturally to Brantome in writing of her: she was ‘ une vraie Deesse’ of beauty and grace; he picked out her complexion for special praise, and described its famous pallor which rivalled and eclipsed the whiteness of her veil, when she was in mourning.Furthermore Mary had the additional charm of a peculiarly soft, sweet speaking voice:(with a beautiful French accent ) not only did Ronsard and Brantome praise her ‘ voix tresdouce et tres bonne’ in France but even the critical Knox admitted that the Scots were charmed by her pretty speech when she made her oration at the tollbooth at the opening of Parliament,~~‘ exclaiming vox Dianae ! The voice of a Goddess… was there ever orator spake so properly and so sweetly!’ It was also a point on which even the most hostile English observers commented on her first arrival in that country, including Knollys and Cecil’s own emissary White. Her effect on the men around her was certainly that of a beautiful woman: the poet Chatelard fell violently, if slightly hysterically, in love with her; not only on the eve of his execution did he call her ‘ the most beautiful and the most cruel princess in the world’, but on their journey back to Scotland he exclaimed that the galleys needed no lanterns to light their way ‘ since the eyes of the queen suffice to light up the whole sea with their lovely fire’. The Seigneur de Damville was also said to have been so enamoured of the young queen that he followed her to Scotland, leaving his young wife at home, and if we are to believe Brantome, Mary’s little brother-in-law Charles was so much in love with her that he used to gaze at her portrait with longing and desired to marry her himself after the untimely death of Francis. In Scotland Mary’s beauty as well as her position was said to have captured not only the obsessional Arran, but the dashing Sir John Gordon and the youthful handsome George Douglas. Her first English jailer Sir Francis Knollys, although unpromising material for female wiles, was considerably seduced by the charming personality of his captive; and although the later so-called affair with Lord Shrewsbury was undoubtedly the creation of his wife’s malicious imagination nevertheless the fact that the accusation could be taken so seriously by the English court shows that all her life Mary was considered a beautiful and desirable woman, whose physical attractions could never be totally left out of account. At the time of her illness at Jedburgh when she was twenty-three, the Venetian ambassador wrote of her being a princess who was ‘ personally the most beautiful in Europe’. There seems no reason to doubt that this was the general verdict of Europe during her lifetime and that Mary Queen of Scots was a romantic figure to her own age, no less than to subsequent generations. By Antonia Fraser from;( Mary Queen of Scots) During her young years in France Mary was surrounded by Scottish intelligentsia who had been professors of many subjects at Paris University, who mostly came back to the Scottish universities at St. Andrews, Glasgow and Aberdeen therefore establishing Scotland in the forefront of European centres of learning. Mary’s personality was the reason so many have loved her for over 400 years and especially during her life-time evil people do not command dedication such as has been displayed for Mary Stuart. In the book ‘The Scottish Enlightenment’ by Alexander Broadie , Published by Birlinn Limited, Edinburgh he states; to find the truth. I do not refer to the truth about the biblical interpretations, the truth that I am writing about is the historical message that has been presented about the Scottish Reformation and the disadvantages that have haunted Scotland and Northern Ireland since then, of which I refer to as freedom, human rights and status on the political international arena in amongst the big debates and the cultivation of equal trading with all the nations of the world. At this moment in time the Scottish Executive have to beg, steal or borrow to keep the economy afloat of a nation that is potentially one of the world’s richest in terms of minerals and natural resources. Will the Scottish proletariat sleep until all the resources have run dry and the last of the nations wealth is siphoned off to enrich Westminster, not that it needs it with the wonderful assortment of palaces and museums that Scottish, Irish, English and Welsh blood has paid for, along with the millions of former colonies inhabitants bleached bones. Sectarianism is one of the greatest scourges that has cursed mankind so-much-so that Jesus Christ had to bring in a new commandment when he said; ‘ A new commandment I give you, is that you love one another as I have loved you’. The fact that the Scottish Executive are contemplating introducing legislation highlights the severity of the problem in Scotland and Ireland, though this is because of the European Convention on Human Rights demands these rights from all members of the European Union the Act provides that; Article 9/1‘ Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in worship, teaching, practice and observance’.2. ‘ Freedom to manifest one’s religion or beliefs shall be subject only to such limitations as are prescribed by law and are necessary in a democratic society in the interests of public safety, for the protection of public order, health or morals, or for the protection of the rights and freedoms of others’. Article 13 of the treaty of Amsterdam includes an Employment Directive which requires member states to make discrimination unlawful on grounds of religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation in the areas of employment and training. It also includes a Race Directive, which requires member states to make discrimination on grounds of racial or ethnic origin unlawful in the following areas; employment, training, education, access to social security and health care,social advantages and access to goods and services, including housing. Protestants have controlled the indigenous peoples of USA, Canada, Australia, South Africa, New Zealand and have almost brought them to extinction. This was while the British Civil Service, the monarchy the military chiefs and politicians were draining these nations of their natural resources, throughout this period the proletariat of Scotland, Ireland, England and Wales were being deported to many of these places which in most cases was a death sentence, for the most minor demeaner because the majority of people were starving, while the above mentioned were filling the coffers of their palaces which has been ongoing and is still in practice, as most of the former colonies the lands are still owned by the descendants of British invaders, whose forefathers stole the best lands by military force and the establishment of corrupt legal systems that were geared for subjugation. These are the reasons that the European Union has had to introduce Human Rights laws to combat the draconian forms of government especially at Westminster which invented this evil. If one looks back at the period from 1940s till today and examines the people who have helped to defeat the British, Mandella, Ghandi, John Hume three men of peace who had to fight with their minds against overwhelming odds, all three with different persuasions but with one common ground freedom and equality. The homelands of these men are still in turmoil because of their quest for national direction as they are mostly suffering from sectarianism created by the British, who must bear the brunt and face international courts where these people must stand accused of tyrannical barbarianism. There are no grey areas they should be brought to face the wrath of the civilized world, they should be forced to display some form of humility as the Germans are doing with the Holocaust Memorial in Berlin.At least the Germans have the courage to address that catastrophe, whereas the British continue to attack people of former colonies such as Robert Mugabe who is rightly recovering the lands stolen from his forefathers as is their right, in accordance with their own law, not those imposed upon them by British military rule, that many of these nations still suffer, because their judiciary is based on corrupt Protestantism. One must bear in mind that today Britain is years behind the rest of Europe regarding Human Rights, that is why the British are constantly loosing thousands of legal cases in the Court of Human Rights at Strasbourg, and the British government and the Scottish Executive are under pressure to bring in legislation on sectarianism, and many other forms of deviance that have been created by a hierarchy based on subversion and intimidation. Though that is only one of thousands of bourgeois crimes that are used in Britain and if these are the crimes that they have perpetrated against the British proletariat and have escaped justice until recently, then it is easy to realize the atrocities carried out against defenceless and helpless inhabitants of their former colonies, and perhaps the rest of the world will find a way to forgive the barbarians of these islands. I have never noted any form of compensation to these nations or their indigenous inhabitants or even an apology for the atrocities and mass murders that the British are exceptional at performing. Professor Mackie writes; ‘ Thus the magnificent scheme of education went by the board; the clergy were ill-paid; as late as1567, there were only 257 ministers for 1,080 churches’. John Knox was not ill-paid and neither were his superintendents and if everyone rushed to become Protestants overnight, what about the thousands of young men who where in Roman Catholic seminaries training to be priests at that time in Scotland, England, Ireland and Wales who were also the future teachers and professors, if we are to believe Mackie and all his ilk that the Reformation was an overnight sensation then why were all the churches not staffed by the students who were in the Catholic Seminaries. For more than seven years over two thirds of the Scottish population had no access to any Christian education, and as the church was the main place of every community which were all Catholic, how did they know what the message of the Knoxites was about there were no newspapers, TV, telephones, radios and if anyone were to say to you today, ‘ you’re not a Catholic today’ somehow I get the feeling that Scots in Edinburgh , Glasgow, Dundee, Aberdeen and every other town would have told anyone to ‘ take a run and jump’ back in 1560 exactly as they would do now. Scotland had three of the best Universities in Europe and hundreds of collages at the start of 1560, and as Mackie points out at all these places of education; ‘ The curricula were so arranged that the study of theology should be its very apex’. Approximately three quarters of Scotland’s churches had been closed for more than seven years does this give the impression that the Reformation was an outstanding success, especially as the universities had been forced to adopt theology as their foremost subject. It was not until the Presbyterians had arranged church police to force people into churches under the pain of heavy penalties and men especially were forced to make sure that their wife and children attended and paid their hard earned cash. Most of the monasteries had been destroyed these had been the places where the theologians who were monks taught the total system of education had been wrecked and the whole country had been placed under a curfew with religious militants running the show, which brings to mind the exact same situation which as all the world has witnessed in Afghanistan under the rule of the Taliban. We have all seen the massacres and bombing by British and American Protestants who actually invented fundamental religious despotism, but they don’t allow anyone else to adopt their evil creation. Mackie wrote; ‘ Scotland accepted Calvinism whole-heartedly, while England did not’. If what he say’s was true then why have the Scots, English, Irish and Welsh fought their own kin in all those abominable civil wars and religious strife that has destroyed the ethnic cultures of all the nations who are only now trying to rediscover their identities and true history of the brutal past. Mary Stuart was a Catholic but she was not blinded by her faith, in fact she fought Catholic Nobles in Scotland and not to forget her decree that anyone could practice their own particular method of worship without hindrance, and she was certainly no coward as she led from the front on many Scottish battlefields. Researched and written by Frank J Dougan>>>Glasgow, Scotland. During the whole process of her trial and execution, Mary acted with magnificent courage worthy of her noble character and queenly rank. There can be no question that she died with the charity and magnanimity of a martyr; as also that her execution was due, on the part of her enemies, to hatred of the Faith.Pope Benedict XIV gives it as his opinion that on these two heads no requisite seemswanting for a formal declaration of martyrdom, if only the charges connected withthe names of Darnley and Bothwell could be entirely eliminated(“Opera omnia”, Prato, 1840, III, c.xiii, s. 10).Catholic Encyclopedia

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Professor Whyte continues; ‘ They (Protestant Church of Scotland ) were a strong agent of social control and regulation. They developed what has sometimes been seen as a moral and spiritual tyranny over everyday life. By about 1620 most parishes, except those in more remote parts of the Highlands, had active kirk sessions enforcing strict moral discipline. Kirk sessions comprised the minister and the elected elders of a parish sitting, often weekly, as a tribunal, before which people were called and interrogated. The elders were chosen from the most prominent men in the community and more prosperous tenants in rural parishes. Kirk sessions’ procedures resembled those of the High Court of Justiciary and because of this evidence was acceptable to the central criminal court. People were presumed guilty until proven innocent. Remorseless interrogation of witnesses and defendants proceeded until a session was sure that the truth had been reached. They might deny a midwife to a woman in labour until she named the father, or the child might be refused baptism.’

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